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INDIVIDUAL DIGITAL ANIMATION SEQUENCES
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AN-001
Galactic Journey
Duration: 200 seconds
HDTV 1920x1080, 60 fps
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
This "Powers of Ten" style animation transports you from Earth past the outer planets, through star fields and nebulae and ultimately to the edge of our Milky Way galaxy. This thumbnail is a composite of the opening and closing frames, since a single picture cannot capture the range of imagery in this three minute animation. Planet images courtesy of NASA.

AN-002
Great Orion Nebula
Duration: 65 seconds
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
This animation begins with a night time view of the constellation Orion including over 200 stars down to visual magnitude 6.40. After traveling 1,600 light years we enter the Orion Nebula, closely passing the Trapezium star cluster. Our final destination is a protostar and a hypothetical, newborn planet buried deep within one of the "proplyds". Orion Nebula image courtesy of Robert Gendler. 

AN-003
Origin of Jupiter
Duration: 40 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x380, 29.97 fps
The evolution of the planet Jupiter.

AN-004
Origin of the Solar System
Duration: 105 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Bipolar jets of gas emanate from the protoplanetary disk in which our Solar System is taking shape. We enter the solar nebula and pass Kuiper Belt objects and several planets in formation. We finally arrive at Earth and watch it cool from a semi-molten protoplanet to the ocean-covered world we know today. Earth and Mars images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-005
Asteroid Approaching Earth
Duration: 66 seconds
HDTV 1920x1080, 60 fps
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A hypothetical doomsday asteroid targets Earth. Earth images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-006
Tunguska Event
Scene 1

Duration: 40 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The Tunguska impactor approaches Earth. Earth images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-007
Tunguska Event
Scene 2

Duration: 35 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The Tunguska impactor begins its fiery descent into Earth's atmosphere. Earth images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-008 
Tunguska Event
Scene 3

Duration: 12 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A view of the Tunguska impactor from within its vapor trail. Earth images courtesy of NASA 

AN-009
 
Tunguska Event
Scene 4

Duration: 12 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The Tunguska bolide moments before detonation. Earth images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-010
Tunguska Event
Scene 5

Duration: 30 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Viewed from above, the detonation of the Tunguska impactor over Siberia shortly after 7 AM on June 30, 1908. Earth images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-011
Cretaceous Impact
Duration: 43 seconds
HDTV 1920x1080, 60 fps
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A six-mile wide asteroid slams into the northern tip of what is now the Yucatan peninsula at the close of the Cretaceous period 65 million years ago. This catastrophic impact may have been a factor in the extinction of the dinosaurs. 

AN-012 
Black Hole
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A solar-mass black hole expels high-speed jets of gas. 

AN-013
Descent into a
Black Hole

Duration: 65 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A journey into a black hole 

AN-014 
Nemesis Comet
Duration: 50 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A swarm of comets enters the inner solar system. The barrrage is triggered by Nemesis, the hypothetical dwarf companion of the sun. Earth and moon images courtesy of NASA.
 

AN-015
Active Comet Nucleus; Scene 1
Duration: 25 seconds
HDTV 1920x1080, 60 fps
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Jets of gas and streams of meteoroids are emitted by the dark nucleus of a comet as it approaches the sun. 
 
AN-016
Active Comet Nucleus; Scene 2
Duration: 30 seconds
HDTV 1920x1080, 60 fps
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Jets of gas and streams of meteoroids are emitted by the dark nucleus of a comet as it approaches the sun. 

AN-017
Comet and Earth
Duration: 78 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The viewer is transported through the debris-strewn tail of a comet which is making a close approach to Earth. Earth images courtesy of NASA 

AN-018
Moon Accretion Events
Duration: 40 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Particles in a ring of debris begin to accrete around the newly-formed Earth. Elevation map courtesy of NASA. 

AN-019
Primordial Moon
Duration: 200 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The primitive moon orbits within a ring of debris. Elevation map courtesy of NASA. 

AN-020 
Impacts on the
Young Moon

Duration: 28 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Impact events on the newly-formed moon. Elevation map courtesy of NASA. 

AN-021
Supernova
Duration: 34 seconds
HDTV 1920x1080, 60 fps
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The explosion of a high-mass star produces a supernova remnant. 

AN-022
Our Sun
Duration: 160 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Shows sunspots and granulation.

AN-023
Mercury
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The incomplete Mariner 10 map has been extended to the uncharted regions of this planet. Map courtesy of NASA and James Hastings Trew.

AN-024
Venus
Duration: 120 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The cloud deck fades to reveal the volcanic surface mapped by the Magellan spacecraft. Venus images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-025
Earth
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Available with or without nighttime city lights and clouds. Earth images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-026
Earth's Moon
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Clementine spacecraft images are combined with a synthesized elevation map. Moon images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-027 
Mars: Ancient Oceans to Modern Deserts
Duration: 135 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Primeval oceans and clouds dissipate to reveal the present-day surface of Mars. Mars images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-028
Mars
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Mars as it appears today. Mars images courtesy of NASA. 

AN-029 
Asteroid
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A typical, main-belt asteroid. 

AN-030 
Triple Asteroid
87 Sylvia

Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Two small asteroidal moons orbit their large parent, asteroid 87 Sylvia. 

AN-031 
Jupiter
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Dozens of images captured by the Voyager spacecraft were used to create Jupiter's surface map. Surface map courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson 

AN-032
Saturn
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Dozens of images captured by the Voyager spacecraft were used to create Saturn's surface and ring maps. Surface and ring maps courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson. 

AN-033
Uranus
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Voyager spacecraft images were used to create Uranus' surface map. Uranus' rings and innermost small moons are also depicted. Surface map courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson 

AN-034
Neptune
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Voyager spacecraft images were used to create Neptune's surface map. Neptune's rings and innermost small moons are also depicted. Surface map courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson. 

AN-035
Pluto
Duration: 160 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Fictitious surface maps were used to produce this animation in which Pluto, Charon, Nix and Hydra revolve around their common center of mass. 

AN-036
Solar Eclipse
Duration: 80 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Partial phase through totality. Includes Bailey's Beads and the diamond ring effect.

AN-037
Lunar Eclipse
Duration: 120 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The moon passes from penumbral to total eclipse, changing color as it enters Earth's shadow in this "time lapse" movie. Moon image courtesy of NASA.

AN-038
Comet
Duration: 120 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
This scene begins with a closeup view of the tumbling nucleus from which we pull away and see the entire coma and tail.

AN-039
Globular Star Cluster
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
Stars follow random paths with varying orbital speeds.

AN-040
Algol
Duration: 140 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
The two stars comprising Algol revolve around their center of mass. The orbital tilt in this scene matches that seen from Earth, allowing the stars to exhibit the mutual eclipses which have made this binary famous. The colors, diameters and relative distance between the two stars have been depicted as accurately as possible.

AN-041
Extrasolar Planet
Duration: 240 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
An apparently solitary star exhibits a cyclic "wobble". A short time later an orbiting planet fades in and both are seen to revolve around their center of mass. The orbital path is optional, and the tilt of the orbital plane can be animated to show the planet transiting the star. Surface map courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson.

AN-042
Formation of a
Planet Nebula

Duration: 53 seconds
HDTV 1920x1080, 60 fps
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A red giant star expels its outer envelope leaving a white dwarf core surrounded by a planetary nebula.

AN-043 
Wolf-Rayet Star
Duration: 30 seconds

HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A high-mass Wolf-Rayet star sheds some of its mass.

AN-044
Red Giant Star Expelling its Outer Envelope
Duration: 14 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A Red Giant star expels part of its outer envelope.

AN-045
Phases of the Moon
Duration:
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A sequence showing a complete cycle of phases over a lunar month.

AN-046
Bolide Meteor
Duration:
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
DV 720x480, 29.97 fps
A fireball meteor streaks through the sky and fragments into several pieces.